Organization of Jehovah's Witnesses



The organization of Jehovah's Witnesses was founded in Pennsylvania by a small group of Bible students led by Charles Taze Russell in the late 19s. Russell had become disillusioned with the Christianity with which he was familiar. He claimed it had deviated from first-century Christianity as he read it in the Bible. Zion's Watch Tower Tract Society was founded in 1884. The society was engaged in publishing and distributing Bible literature characterized by strong end-time expectations and the coming of God's kingdom. Today, the religious group has more than 8,3 million active members in 240 countries. In the Netherlands, the organization of Jehovah's Witnesses has been active since the beginning of the twentieth century. The Netherlands has slightly less than 30.000 active Jehovah's Witnesses.

Organization structure

The primary legal entity used today by the organization of Jehovah's Witnesses is the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania. The head office is located in Warwick, in the state of New York in the United States. Jehovah's Witnesses believe that their organization is shaped according to that of the first-century Christian congregations.

Governing Body

The worldwide organization of Jehovah's Witnesses is led by the Governing Body. It consists of older men who see themselves as appointed by God in this position.  The Governing Body lives and works in the head office in Warwick, USA, and is the head of the highly hierarchical organization. Jehovah's Witnesses believe that the Governing Body is the "channel" through which Jehovah God makes known his will.


Under the supervision of the Governing Body, the organization is led through Branch offices. Each Branch Office oversees a particular country or territory and is led by a Branch Committee. The members of a Branch Committee are appointed by the Governing Body. Currently there are more than 90 Branches worldwide. A branch is also called "Bethel" (House of God).


Municipalities are groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and are the basis of the organization. Municipalities are organized into groups, known as 'circles'. The municipalities within a 'circle' are visited by the 'circuit overseer', a representative of the Branch Office, who takes care of the municipalities assigned to him and ensures that they comply with the theocratic rules of the organization. Circuit overseers are appointed by the Governing Body.


Members of the congregation are called 'publishers' and call each other 'brother' and 'sister'. If someone is not yet baptized, but does participate in the evangelization work led by the organization, it is called an 'unbaptized publisher'. Baptism is seen as the symbol that someone has "dedicated himself to Jehovah (God)" and means that he has associated himself with the organization of Jehovah's Witnesses.

Elders and Servants

In every congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses, a group of elders is in charge. They are supported in their tasks by "servants in ministry". A woman can never become an elder or "servant servant" within the organization of Jehovah's Witnesses. Elders are appointed as "shepherds" to take care of their congregation. Their responsibilities include the organization of the evangelization work, the conducting of meetings and Bible studies, the provision of spiritual care to the congregation and the supervision that members adhere to the (strict) norms and guidelines of the organization.

The duties and responsibilities of 'servants in the ministry' include: taking care of the reading, operating the sound equipment during meetings, supervising a meeting, cleaning and maintaining the Kingdom Hall (the place where Jehovah's Witnesses for worship come together).

A male publisher can make spiritual progress by first becoming servant in the ministry and then an elder. Whether someone qualifies for an appointment depends on whether they meet certain 'biblical' qualifications and guidelines. Within the organization, it is believed that elders and servants in the ministry are appointed "by the spirit". The guidance of the holy spirit is presupposed when it is considered prayerful if someone complies with the Biblical guidelines.

When a person is eligible to become an elder, the body of elders makes a recommendation and sends it to the Branch where it is determined whether the recommended person can be appointed or not.

Aspects of the doctrine that influence the situations of sexual abuse

Bible as "God's Word"

For Jehovah's Witnesses, the Bible is the basis for what they believe and how they live their lives. That Bible is seen by them as the inspired 'Word of God'. They read the Bible quite literally and understand the text as explained by the Governing Body through publications. Many text sections in the Bible are read as predictions of the future that find fulfillment in this and the future tense. Other texts are seen as eternally valid guidelines for how to live. It is not permissible for individual Jehovah's Witnesses to interpret the Bible at its own discretion - different from organizational doctrine. The organization's policy is also based on the Bible, as interpreted and explained by the Governing Body.

Principle of authority and obedience

Central to the doctrine is the "principle of authority," based on the text in 1 Corinthians 11 verse 3, which states that "the Christ is the head of every man. And the man is the head of the woman and God the head of the Christ. " Women must be subject to their husbands and children to parents. Church members are expected to be obedient to the elders and both the elders and the rest of the congregation must obey the leadership of the organization. With at the top the Governing Body, who identifies himself with the "faithful and discreet slave, who has been appointed by his master (Jesus) over his servants" and thus forms the channel by which God makes known his will to the followers. (Matth.24: 45). Obedience to the organization is seen as obedience to God.

Position of women in the municipality

Women are not allowed to teach in the church. They are not allowed to exercise authority over baptized male Jehovah's Witnesses. They are not appointed in leading positions in the congregation and may not interfere with church matters. They are expected to look to their husbands for spiritual guidance.

Separated from the world

Jehovah's Witnesses are urged to keep themselves separate from the world. According to the Bible, Jesus said that his followers are "not part of the world." Moreover, according to the teachings Satan is the ruler of this world. Jehovah's Witnesses therefore do not take a political stand. Social interaction with people outside the organization is limited as much as possible. People outside the organization are referred to as 'worldly' and people who are 'not in the Truth'.

Secular law versus Biblical law

In Romans 13: 1 states that everyone must be subject to the superior authorities, because there is no authority that does not come from God; the existing authorities have been placed in their relative position by God. ' On the basis of this text, Jehovah's Witnesses have to obey the laws of the country in which they live or stay. However, when these laws are in conflict with the doctrine of the faith, the text in Acts 29: 5 gets the upper hand: 'We must obey God as a ruler more than people'. The own internal rules, which are seen as originating from God, therefore take precedence over secular laws. On the own guidelines that influence the organizational response to sexual abuse is discussed in more detail in the article about sexual abuse with Jehovah's Witnesses.

Moral rules regarding sexuality

Jehovah's Witnesses maintain a strict sexual morality. Sex is only allowed between a man and a woman who are married. No form of sex is permitted outside of marriage. Also not masturbation. And although the organization does not mention specific details, it does imply that even during the marriage not all sexual acts are allowed.


The organization of Jehovah's Witnesses uses the use of exclusion. A baptized Jehovah's Witness who commits a violation of the organization's moral rules and does not repent of them is excluded. Jehovah's Witnesses may no longer contact this person. Someone who is excluded often loses the entire social network, including close family, which has far-reaching consequences.

Even someone who chooses to officially no longer want to be one of Jehovah's Witnesses is treated as excluded.

NoteBible texts are quoted from the New world translation of the Bible (2017), published by Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of New York, Inc.



  • I have read the introduction. A truly reliable and objective analysis! There is not a single word that makes me question or raise doubts. I am the author of the book 'Belief in a sustainable world' Publisher Pirolo ISBN and sold out. There are still samples to order from Bol.vom, for example, second hand! The book and title suggests a synonym for 'the Kingdom of God' equivalent to it, at least in my interpretation as a writer. New spiritual / religious and political insights were brought to the book market in 2 on the theme of the book. Also in view of my long and many contacts or study of doctrine & organization of the 'Watchtower Society' Jehovah's Witnesses, a separate chapter is devoted to the international Jehovah's Witnesses movement. 'The governing body' consisting of men under the leadership of Robert Cirenko President, falsely and without any evidence claims that they are the 'mouthpiece' Jehovah God, as a secretary dictates what the director says! (so to speak). Any ecclesiastical / faith organization witnessing in biblical truth can claim to be in the truth and not worldly. It is therefore dangerous to imitate the governing body without any proof; in New York which theocratically and hierarchically passes on their 'doctrine of faith and guidelines to branch offices, also in the Netherlands (Emmen) and which forwards the' doctrine 'and guidelines to the congregations in total about 2002 baptized members.
    And for some sexual abuse, this is dealt with internally in municipalities instead of reporting this to the police and the Public Prosecution Service. In a sense, the leadership of the Jehovah's Witnesses do not recognize the authority of what they perceive as `` worldly '' institutions to which they would rather not submit. After all, these institutions are not in the truths and are of the world and not under the spiritual authority of Jesus of Nazareth and or Jehovah God, whoever or whatever the latter is. For a possible definition of Jehovah God I refer to my article in Teleskoop Magazine on Plazilla and / or Tallsay. God has no form, form like us humans, and no personal will. And so the 'governing body' cannot know what the will of God is! GOD (Great-Unknown Driver is a synonym for the source of dynamic energy (s) or the intrinsic & self-regulating cosmic principle spiritual energy) which is responsible for the creation of the universe, planet Earth, plants, animals and humans! Nature is the reflection of who and or better what GOD is. GOD is present in everything and everyone with spiritual energy present in every living cell! Do you want to know more? You can enter into contact with me!

  • I would like to complement you for the correct and clear description of (the organization behind) Jehovah's witnesses.

    Still, I would like to see a small addition.
    I myself grew up from a young age within this community and after 35 year I have chosen a way of life where I have something more to say.

    What I miss and would really like to see in your description is that Jehovah's witnesses do not have infant baptism. That each individual makes an informed choice whether or not to be baptized. I personally think this is one of the strongest points of this faith community.

    I myself have no problem with eg the exclusion scheme since I was clearly aware of any consequences when making personal and deviating decisions.

    As far as the purpose of this site is concerned, I fully support you.

    Greeting Remco

  • I Am raised by My parents in this sect
    With 18 years out of the house and leave this sect
    I call this sect the greatest poison from My youth

    • Hello. Exclusion of jws who commit a wrong act should not be shunned… .they can be reprimanded with a loving firm, disciplined hand… .not Isolation. Although, it's not up to me, the matter belongs to Our Creator, Jehovah and His Only Begotten Son, Jesus Christ, Our Savior and Lord as well as Jehovah's exquisite, undeniable Holy Spirit.

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